How to Build a Recording Studio – Part 4: Studio Equipment – Sync Generators, Monitors, Amplifiers, CD Recorders, and other gears
In this part we shall discuss the final batch of devices and tools used in a recording studio which include the Sync generator, CD Recorder, Tape machines, Monitors, Amplifiers, cabling, Headphones, Microphone stands, Instruments etc.
Sync Generator creates tones to facilitate machine to machine communication so that many recording devices can be coordinated (synchronized) and operate at one speed. Clocking acts with synchronization (sync) as and when digital and analog equipment are combined. Sync uses MTC (midi time code), SMPTE, Midi Clock and MMC (midi machine control) so that recording on many tape machines and DAWs are linked up.
CD Recorder is used for recording and playing back of compact discs. It enables the recording of stereo mixes and playback of these mixes on any other CD players. The standard for CD playback for consumer is 16 bit and the sampling rate is 44.1 kHz.
Tape Machines use both digital and analog tape for music recording and playback. Some traditionalists in sound recording like the sound produced by analog tape.
Cabling: You will need miles of different cabling for one studio. Commonly used cables are balanced XLR mic cables and unbalanced instrument cables of 1/4 inch.
Monitors / Amps Speakers installed in the recording studio are known as Monitors. Powerful flawless amps are required for running monitors. Several monitors are self-driven, meaning that they have amplifiers built into them. Monitors generally have low frequency woofers, high frequency tweeters, and cabinets housing the speakers and related components.
Headphones for communication: A battery of earphones facilitate communication between the studio and control room, also facilitates listening to pre-recorded tracks during the process of overdubbing. Another name for headphones in the industry is cans.
Instruments / Keyboards / Guitars: These are some of the tools of the trade. Even if you have the best studio gear available, if your instruments are bad then you are starting on the wrong foot.
Amplifiers: Often called an amp. Amps increase the volume or amplitude of electrical signals received from sound waves. These are required for powering speakers. Bass and Guitar amps may be used for several other applications such as running a snare drum or vocal through them.
Microphone Stands: A wide range of styles and sizes are needed for an ideal recording studio. The mic stand holds the microphone in position properly for getting the best possible sound quality.
Studio Furniture: There are quite a few types of furniture and racks designed to hold the outboard gear and consoles. The interior decoration helps to liven up the atmosphere of the working environment of the recording studio.